The four parts are:
1) Crate training and supervision
2) Regular schedule
3) Feedback and discipline
4) Cleaning up accidents
When house training a dog it is necessary to catch your dog in the act each and every time they have an accident in the house. Supervision is the key. If you are unable to supervise you should place your dog in his crate. The theory behind crate training is that a dog will not want to urinate or defecate where he sleeps and eats and will also not want to lie in it so will learn to hold it until he is let out of the crate. With that being said, you need to realize that a puppy will need to relieve himself frequently and should not be left in the crate for long periods of time.
Keeping your dog on a regular schedule will allow your pup to understand that there are certain times to go out and relieve himself. If you walk your pup at 9am every morning, his body will adjust to this time and naturally he will have to relieve himself at that time. This way your dog does not need to alert you to tell you he has to go to the bathroom, but understands that at certain times in the day/night he will be outside.
Feedback and discipline are so important. When your dog does relieve himself outside you need to give him a ton of praise. If your dog goes to the bathroom inside the house you need to say “no”in a firm voice while he is in the act and then immediately take him outside to finish. If he finishes outside he gets praised. You want to make it a good experience for your dog to go outside and a not so good one to relieve himself inside.
Finally, you need to clean up the accidents that your dog does have in the house with an enzymatic cleaner. They sell this at any pet store and the proper use instructions are typically on the bottle. You want to get the smell out as best you can so the dog does not continuously relieve himself in that spot.
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